There is goodwill and homework type budgeting which includes doing homework on all the things the government does and understanding the more mental work put in by the top, the more efficient the government will run. Resources are allocated according to need and understanding. Appreciation is given to the necessary stress the government puts on society to ensure we are accountable to each other and the world. It is not the government but human innovation and values that increase the size of government.
There is also emotional budgeting focusing on temptation….giving as much money to convenience (tax cuts), over funding pride, power, and security (military, other security) and defunding vulnerable diplomacy, and accountability and stress (regulators), and cynicism to any force of goodwill (safety net, foreign aid). You score “wins” by taking money from these small entities and avoid large budget items that require courage.
Forward thinking companies make an extra effort to hear all ideas, accept risk and failure, and protect the pride of those that think different, but our congress is an institution of high pride fear with many seeking to take down anyone that may argue for change or resources or tell us what we need to hear.